Interactive Visual Transformation for Symbolic Representation of Time-oriented Data

T. Lammarsch, W. Aigner, A. Bertone, M. Bögl, T. Gschwandtner, S. Miksch, A. Rind:
"Interactive Visual Transformation for Symbolic Representation of Time-oriented Data";
Vortrag: International Conference on Human Factors in Computing&Informatics (SouthCHI 2013), Maribor, Slovenia; 01.07.2013 - 03.07.2013; in:"Human-Computer Interaction and Knowledge Discovery in Complex, Unstructured, Big Data", A. Holzinger, M. Ziefle, V. Glavinić (Hrg.); Springer, Lecture Notes in Computer Science Volume 7947 (2013), ISBN: 978-3-642-39145-3; S. 400 - 419.

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Data Mining on time-oriented data has many real-world applications, like optimizing shift plans for shops or hospitals, or analyzing traffic or climate. As those data are often very large and multi-variate, several methods for symbolic representation of time-series have been proposed. Some of them are statistically robust, have a lower-bound distance measure, and are easy to configure, but do not consider temporal structures and domain knowledge of users. Other approaches, proposed as basis for Apriori pattern finding and similar algorithms, are strongly configurable, but the parametrization is hard to perform, resulting in ad-hoc decisions. Our contribution combines the strengths of both approaches: an interactive visual interface that helps defining event classes by applying statistical computations and domain knowledge at the same time. We are not focused on a particular application domain, but intend to make our approach useful for any kind of time-oriented data.